References list

8c: Minorities and migration

Where possible, the list provides abstracts of the entries and links to the publication.
Initial list compiled by: Daniel Münich

This reference list contains three parts:

  • Introductory Reading
    Somebody who does not know this literature or wants to get an overview might want to start here.
  • Key References
    Some of the most important references in this literature, which may require some more knowledge of the field.
  • Further Reading
    Organized by date of publication.

Introductory Reading

  1. Borjas, George (1995). The Economic Benefit from Immigration. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(2) , 3-22 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Borjas, George (1994). The Economics of Immigration. In: Journal of Economic Literature 32(4) , 1667-1717 . Link.

  3. Dustmann, Christian and Albrecht Glitz (2011). Migration and Education. In: Hanushek, Eric, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (eds.). Handbook of the Economics of Education Vol. 4. Amsterdam: North-Holland , 327-439 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Dustmann, Christian, Tommaso Frattini and Ian P. Preston (2013). The Effect of Immigration along the Distribution of Wages. In: Review of Economic Studies 80(1) , 145-173 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Eichengreen, Barry and Henry Gemery (1986). The Earnings of Skilled and Unskilled Immigrants at the End of the Nineteenth Century. In: The Journal of Economic History 46(2) , 441-454 . Abstract. Link.

  6. Friedberg, Rachel and Jennifer Hunt (1995). The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(2) , 23-44 . Abstract. Link.

  7. O'Neill, June (1990). The Role of Human Capital in Earnings Differences between Black and White Men. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 4(4) , 25-46 . Link.

  8. Wood, Adrian (1995). How Trade Hurts Unskilled Workers. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(3) , 57-80 . Abstract. Link.

  9. Zimmermann, Klaus (1995). Tackling the European Migration Problem. In: The Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(2) , 45-62 . Abstract. Link.

Key references

  1. Altonji, Joseph and Rebecca Blank (1999). Race and Gender in the Labor Market. In: Ashenfelter, Orley and David Card (eds.). Handbook of Labor Economics Vol. 3C. New York, NY: Elsevier Science Press , 3143-3259 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Borjas, George (1999). The Economic Analysis of Immigration. In: Ashenfelter, Orley and David Card (eds.). Handbook of Labor Economics Vol. 3A. Amsterdam: North Holland , 1697-1760 . Abstract. Link.

  3. Borjas, George (1994). Long-Run Convergence of Ethnic Skill Differentials: The Children and Grandchildren of the Great Migration. In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review 47(4) , 553-573 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Borjas, George (1992). Ethnic Capital and Intergenerational Mobility. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 107(1) , 123-150 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Borjas, George (1987). Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants. In: The American Economic Review 77(4) , 531-553 . Abstract. Link.

  6. Cameron, Steve and James Heckman (2001). The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Blacks, Whites and Hispanics. In: Journal of Political Economy 109(3) , 455-499 . Abstract. Link.

  7. Clotfelter, Charles T. (2006). After Brown: The Rise and Retreat of School Desegregation. Princeton: Princeton University Press . Abstract. Link.

  8. Fryer, Roland G., Jr (2011). The Importance of Segregation, Discrimination, Peer Dynamics, and Identity in Explaining Trends in the Racial Achievement Gap. In: Alberto Bisin, Jess Benhabib, Matthew O. Jackson. Handbook of Social Economics, Vol. 1B. Amsterdam: . Abstract. Link.

  9. Fryer, Roland G., Jr (2011). Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination. In: Orley Ashenfelter, David Card. Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 4B. Amsterdam: , 855-971 . Abstract. Link.

  10. Hanushek, Eric (2001). Black-White Achievement Differences and Governmental Interventions. In: American Economic Review 91(2) , 24-28 . Link.

  11. Howell, William and Paul Peterson (2002). The Education Gap: Vouchers and Urban Schools. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press . Link.

  12. Jencks, Christopher and Meredith Phillips (1998). The Black-White Test Score Gap. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution . Abstract. Link.

  13. Neal, Derek and William Johnson (1996). The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences. In: Journal of Political Economy 104(5) , 869-895 . Abstract. Link.

  14. Stark, Oded and Ismail Sirageldin (eds.) (1986). Research in Human Capital and Development: Migration Theory, Human Capital and Development. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press . Link.

Further reading

  1. Andersen, Torben (2005). Migration, Taxation and Educational Incentives. In: Economics Letters 87(3) , 399-405 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Andersson, Fredrik and Kai Konrad (2003b). Globalization and Risky Human-capital Investment. In: International Tax and Public Finance 10(3) , 211-228 . Abstract. Link.

  3. Andersson, Fredrik and Kai Konrad (2003a). Human Capital Investment and Globalization in Extortionary States. In: Journal of Public Economics 87(7-8) , 1539-1555 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Baker, Michael and Dwayne Benjamin (1997). The Role of the Family in Immigrants' Labor-Market Activity: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations. In: American Economic Review 87(4) , 705-727 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Bandyopadhyay, Subhayu and Howard Wall (2008). Is There Too Little Immigration? An Analysis of Temporary Skilled Migration. In: Journal of international Trade and Economic Development 17(2) , 197-211 . Abstract. Link.

  6. Beine, Michel, Frederic Docquier and Hillel Rapoport (2001). Brain Drain and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence. In: Journal of Development Economics 64(1) , 275-289 . Abstract. Link.

  7. Beine, Michel, Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport (2008). Brain Drain and Human Capital Formation in Developing Countries: Winners and Losers. In: Economic Journal 118(528) , 631-652 . Abstract. Link.

  8. Betts, Julian and John Roemer (2007). Equalizing Opportunity for Racial and Socioeconomic Groups in the United States through Educational Finance Reform. In: Woessmann, Ludger and Paul Peterson (eds.). Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press . Abstract. Link.

  9. Bjerk, David (2007). The Differing Nature of Black-White Wage Inequality across Occupational Sectors. In: Journal of Human Resources 42(2) , 398-434 . Abstract. Link.

  10. Bleakley, Hoyt and Aimee Chin (2008). What Holds Back the Second Generation? The Intergenerational Transmission of Language Human Capital Among Immigrants. In: Journal of Human Resources 43(2) , 267-298 . Abstract. Link.

  11. Bonesronning, Hans, Torberg Falch and Bjarne Strom (2005). Teacher Sorting, Teacher Quality, and Student Composition. In: European Economic Review 49(2) , 457-483 . Abstract. Link.

  12. Borjas, George (1995c). Ethnicity, Neighborhoods and Human-Capital Externalities. In: American Economic Review 85(3) , 365-390 . Abstract. Link.

  13. Borjas, George (1995b). Assimilation and Changes in Cohort Quality Revisited: What Happened To Immigrant Earnings in the 1980s?. In: Journal of Labor Economics 13(2) , 201-245 . Abstract. Link.

  14. Borjas, George (1995a). Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants. In: Journal of Labor Economics 3(4) , 463-489 . Abstract. Link.

  15. Borjas, George (1994). Long-Run Convergence of Ethnic Skill Differentials: The Children and Grandchildren of the Great Migration. In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review 47(4) , 553-573 . Abstract. Link.

  16. Borjas, George J. (2015). The Slowdown in the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants: Aging and Cohort Effects Revisited Again. In: Journal of Human Capital 9(4) , 483-517 . Abstract. Link.

  17. Borjas, George J. (2014). Immigration Economics. New York: Harvard University Press . Abstract. Link.

  18. Bound, John and Harry Holzer (2000). Demand Shifts, Population Adjustments, and Labor Market Outcomes During the 1980s. In: Journal of Labor Economics 18(1) , 20-54 . Abstract. Link.

  19. Bover, Olympia and Manuel Arellano (2002). Learning about Migration Decisions from the Migrants: Using Complementary Datasets to Model Intra-regional Migrations in Spain. In: Journal of Population Economics 15(2) , 357-380 . Abstract. Link.

  20. Bratsberg, Bernt and Dek Terrell (2002). School Quality and Returns to Education of U.S. Immigrants. In: Economic Inquiry 40(2) , 177-198 . Abstract. Link.

  21. Bratsberg, Bernt and James Ragan (2002). The Impact of Host-Country Schooling on Earnings. In: Journal of Human Resources A Study of Male Immigrants in the United States 37(1) , 63-105 . Abstract. Link.

  22. Brunello, George and Lorenzo Rocco (2013). The effect of immigration on the school performance of natives: Cross country evidence using PISA test scores. In: Economics of Education Review 32(C) , 234-46 . Abstract. Link.

  23. Burda, Michael and Charles Wyplosz (1992). Human-Capital, Investment and Migration in an Integrated Europe. In: European Economic Review 36(2-3) , 677-684 . Abstract. Link.

  24. Card, David (2009). Immigration and Inequality. In: American Economic Review 99(2) , 1-21 . Abstract. Link.

  25. Card, David (2005). Is the New Immigration Really so Bad?. In: Economic Journal 115(507) , 300-323 . Abstract. Link.

  26. Card, David (1990). The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market. In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review 43(2) , 245-257 . Abstract. Link.

  27. Card, David and Alan Krueger (2004). Would the Elimination of Affirmative Action Affect Highly Qualified Minority Applicants? Evidence from California and Texas. In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review 58(3) , 415-434 . Abstract. Link.

  28. Card, David and Jesse Rothstein (2007). Racial segregation and the black–white test score gap. In: Journal of Public Economics 91(11-12) , 2158-2184 . Abstract. Link.

  29. Carneiro, Pedro, James Heckman and Dimitriy Masterov (2005). Labor Market Discrimination and Racial Differences in Premarket Factors. In: Journal of Law and Economics 48(1) , 1-39 . Abstract. Link.

  30. Casarico, Alessandra and Carlo Devillanova (2003). Social Security and Migration with Endogenous Skill Upgrading. In: Journal of Public Economics 87(3-4) , 773-797 . Abstract. Link.

  31. Chaudhuri, Shubham and Rajiv Sehti (2008). Statistical Discrimination with Peer Effects: Can Integration Eliminate Negative Stereotypes?. In: Review of Economic Studies 75(2) , 579-596 . Abstract. Link.

  32. Chen, Hung-Ju (2006). International Migration and Economic Growth: A Source Country Perspective. In: Journal of Population Economics 19(4) , 725-748 . Abstract. Link.

  33. Chiswick, Barry (1991). Speaking, Reading, and Earnings among Low-Skilled Immigrants. In: Journal of Labor Economics 9(2) , 149-170 . Abstract. Link.

  34. Chiswick, Barry (1988). Differences in Education and Earnings across Racial and Ethnic Groups: Tastes, Discrimination, and Investments in Child Quality. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 103(3) , 571-597 . Abstract. Link.

  35. Chiswick, Barry (1986). Is the New Immigration Less Skilled Than the Old?. In: Journal of Labor Economics 4(2) , 168-192 . Abstract. Link.

  36. Chiswick, Barry (1978). The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-Born Men. In: Journal of Political Economy 86(5) , 897-921 . Abstract. Link.

  37. Chiswick, Barry and Noyna Deb-Burman (2004). Educational Attainment: Analysis by Immigrant Generation. In: Economics of Education Review 23(4) , 361-379 . Abstract. Link.

  38. Chiswick, Barry and Paul Miller (2003). The Complementarity of Language and Other Human Capital: Immigrant Earnings in Canada. In: Economics of Education Review 22(5) , 469-480 . Abstract. Link.

  39. Chiswick, Barry and Paul Miller (1994). The Determinants of Post-Immigration Investments in Education. In: Economics of Education Review 13(2) , 163-177 . Abstract. Link.

  40. Chiswick, Carmel (1989). The Impact of Immigration on the Human Capital of Natives. In: Journal of Labor Economics 7(4) , 464-486 . Abstract. Link.

  41. Clotfelter, Charles (2001). Are White Still Fleeing? Racial Patterns and Enrollment Shifts in Urban Public Schools. In: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 20(2) , 199-221 . Abstract. Link.

  42. Clotfelter, Charles (1976). School Desegregation, "Tipping," and Private School Enrollment. In: Journal of Human Resources 22(1) , 29-50 . Abstract. Link.

  43. Clotfelter, Charles, Helen Ladd and Jacob Vigdor (2009). The Academic Achievement Gap in Grades 3 to 8. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 91(2) , 398-419 . Abstract. Link.

  44. Cobb-Clark Deborah and Thomas Crossley (2004). Revisiting the Family Investment Hypothesis. In: Labour Economics 11(3) , 373-393 . Abstract. Link.

  45. Colding, Bjorg (2006). A Dynamic Analysis of Educational Progression of Children of Immigrants. In: Labour Economics 13(4) , 479-492 . Abstract. Link.

  46. Collins, William J. and Marianne H. Wanamaker (2014). Selection and Economic Gains in the Great Migration of African Americans: New Evidence from Linked Census Data . In: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 6(1) , 220-52 . Abstract. Link.

  47. Connolly, Michelle (2004). Human Capital and Growth in the Postbellum South: A Separate but Unequal Story. In: Journal of Economic History 64(2) , 363-399 . Abstract. Link.

  48. Cortes, Kalena (2004). Are Refugees Different from Economic Immigrants? Some Empirical Evidence on the Heterogeneity of Immigrant Groups in the United States. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 86(2) , 465-480 . Abstract. Link.

  49. Crain, Robert (1970). School Integration and Occupational Achievement of Negroes. In: American Journal of Sociology 75(4) , 593-606 . Abstract. Link.

  50. Cullen, Julie Berry and Steven Levitt (1999). Crime, Urban Flight, and the Consequences for Cities. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 81(2) , 159-169 . Abstract. Link.

  51. Dahl, Gordon (2002). Mobility and the Return to Education: Testing a Roy Model with Multiple Markets. In: Econometrica 70(6) , 2367-2420 . Abstract. Link.

  52. Darvish-Lecker, Tikva and Nava Kahana (1992). The Destination Decision of Political Migrants. In: Journal of Population Economics An Economic Approach 5(2) , 145-153 . Abstract. Link.

  53. Desai, Mihir, Devesh Kapur and John McHale (2004). Sharing the Spoils: Taxing International Human Capital Flows. In: International Tax and Public Finance 11(5) , 663-693 . Abstract. Link.

  54. Djajic, Slobodan (1989). Skills and the Pattern of Migration - The Role of Qualitative and Quantitative Restrictions on International Labor Mobility. In: International Economic Review 30(4) , 795-809 . Abstract. Link.

  55. Docquier, Frederic and Hillel Rapoport (2003). Ethnic Discrimination and the Migration of Skilled Labor. In: Journal of Development Economics 70(1) , 159-172 . Abstract. Link.

  56. Docquier, Frédéric, Olivier Lohest and Abdeslam Marfouk (2007). Brain Drain in Developing Countries. In: World Bank Economic Review 21(2) , 193-218 . Abstract. Link.

  57. Dolado, Juan, Alessandra Goria and Andrea Ichino (1994). Immigration, Human-Capital and Growth in the Host Country. In: Journal of Population Economics Evidence from Pooled Country Data 7(2) , 193-215 . Abstract. Link.

  58. Duleep, Harriet and Mark Regets (1999). Immigrants and Human-Capital Investment. In: American Economic Review 89(3) , 186-191 . Link.

  59. Durkin, John (1998). Immigration, Assimilation and Growth. In: Journal of Population Economics 11(2) , 273-291 . Abstract. Link.

  60. Dustmann, Christian (2008). Return Migration, Investment in Children, and Intergenerational Mobility. In: Journal of Human Resources Comparing Sons of Foreign- and Native-Born Fathers 43(2) , 299-324 . Abstract. Link.

  61. Dustmann, Christian (1999). Temporary Migration, Human Capital, and Language Fluency of Migrants. In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics 101(2) , 297-314 . Abstract. Link.

  62. Faini, Riccardo (2007). Remittances and the Brain Drain: Do More Skilled Migrants Remit More?. In: World Bank Economic Review 21(2) , 177-191 . Abstract. Link.

  63. Fairlie, Robert W., Florian Hoffmann and Philip Oreopoulos (2014). A Community College Instructor like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom. In: American Economic Review 104(8) , 2567-2591 . Abstract. Link.

  64. Fan, Simon and Oded Stark (2007). The Brain Drain, 'Educated Unemployment', Human Capital Formation, and Economic Betterment. In: Economics of Transition 15(4) , 629-660 . Abstract. Link.

  65. Friedberg, Rachel (2000). You Can't Take It With You? Immigrant Assimilation and the Portability of Human Capital. In: Journal of Labor Economics 18(2) , 221-251 . Abstract. Link.

  66. Fryer, Roland and Steven Levitt (2006). The Black-White Test Score Gap through Third Grade. In: American Law and Economics Review 8(2) , 249-281 . Abstract. Link.

  67. Fryer, Roland and Steven Levitt (2004). Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 86(2) , 447-464 . Abstract. Link.

  68. Funkhouser, Edward and Stephen Trejo (1995). The Labor Market Skills of Recent Male Immigrants: Evidence from the Current Population Survey. In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48(4) , 792-811 . Abstract. Link.

  69. Gang, Ira and Klaus Zimmermann (2000). Is Child Like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin. In: Journal of Human Resources 35(3) , 550-569 . Abstract. Link.

  70. Geay, Charlotte, Sandra McNally and Shqiponja Telhaj (2013). Non‐native Speakers of English in the Classroom: What Are the Effects on Pupil Performance?. In: Economic Journal 123(570) , F281-F307 . Abstract. Link.

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  72. Gould, Eric, Victor Lavy and Daniele Pasermann (2009). Does Immigration Affect the Long-Term Educational Outcomes of Natives? Quasi-Experimental Evidence. In: The Economic Journal 119(540) , 1243-1269 . Abstract. Link.

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