References list

5a: Levels of education - Pre-school education

Where possible, the list provides abstracts of the entries and links to the publication.
Initial list compiled by: Hessel Oosterbeek and Ludger Wößmann

This reference list contains three parts:

  • Introductory Reading
    Somebody who does not know this literature or wants to get an overview might want to start here.
  • Key References
    Some of the most important references in this literature, which may require some more knowledge of the field.
  • Further Reading
    Organized by date of publication.

Introductory Reading

  1. Almond, Douglas, Janet Currie (2011). Human Capital Development before Age Five. In: Ashenfelter, Orley and David Card (eds.). The Handbook of Labor Economics. New York: North Holland , 1019-1049 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Barnett, Steven (1992). Benefits of Compensatory Preschool Education. In: Journal of Human Resources 27(2) , 279-312 . Abstract. Link.

  3. Blau, David and Janet Currie (2006). Preschool, Day Care, and Afterschool Care: Who's Minding the Kids?. In: Hanushek, Eric and Finis Welch (eds.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 2. New York: North Holland , 1163-1278 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Carneiro, Pedro, James Heckman (2003). Human Capital Policy. In: Heckman, James and Alan Krueger (eds.). Inequality in America: What Role for Human Capital Policies?. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press , 77-239 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Currie, Janet (2001). Early Childhood Education Programs. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 15(2) , 213-238 . Abstract. Link.

  6. Heckman, James (2000). Policies To Foster Human Capital. In: Research In Economics 54(1) , 03-56 . Abstract. Link.

Key references

  1. Ayvaci, Hakan S. and Yasemin Devecioğlu (2010). Computer-assisted instruction to teach concepts in pre-school education. In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2(2) , 2083-2087 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Baker, B.L., L.L. McIntyre, J. Blacher, K. Crnic, C. Edelbrock and C. Low (2003). Pre‐school children with and without developmental delay: behaviour problems and parenting stress over time. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 47(4-5) , 217-230 . Abstract. Link.

  3. Becker, Birgit (2011). Social disparities in children's vocabulary in early childhood. Does pre‐school education help to close the gap?. In: British Journal of Sociology 62(1) , 69-88 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Belfield, Clive, Milagros Nores, Steve Barnett and Lawrence Schweinhart (2006). The High/Scope Perry Preschool Program. In: Journal of Human Resources 41(1) , 162-190 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Blau, David (2001). The Child Care Problem: An Economic Analysis. New York, N.Y.: Russell Sage Foundation .

  6. Cunha, Flavio, James Heckman, Lance Lochner and Dimitriy Masterov (2006). Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation. In: Hanushek, Eric and Finis Welch (eds.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland , 697-812 . Abstract. Link.

  7. Currie, Janet and Duncan Thomas (1995). Does Head Start Make a Difference?. In: American Economic Review 85(3) , 341-364 . Abstract. Link.

  8. Daniels, Sandra (2006). Can Pre‐school Education Affect Children's Achievement in Primary School?. In: Oxford Review of Education 21(2) , 163-178 . Abstract. Link.

  9. Domka, Lubomira (2008). Environmental Education at Pre-school. In: International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education 13(3) , 258-263 . Abstract. Link.

  10. Donachy, W. (1976). Parent Participation in Pre-School Education. In: British Journal of Educational Psychology 46(1) , 31-39 . Abstract. Link.

  11. Duncan, Greg J. and Katherine Magnuson (2013). Investing in Preschool Programs. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 27(2) , 109-32 . Abstract. Link.

  12. Feinstein, Leon, Donald Robertson and James Symons (1999). Pre-School Education and Attainment in the National Child Development Study and British Cohort Study. In: Education Economics 7(3) , 209-234 . Abstract. Link.

  13. Garces, Eliana, Duncan Thomas and Janet Currie (2002). Long Term Effects of Head Start. In: American Economic Review 92(4) , 999-1012 . Abstract. Link.

  14. Goodman, Alissa, Barbara Sianesi (2005). Early Education and Children's Outcomes: How Long Do the Impacts Last?. In: Fiscal Studies 26(4) , 513-548 . Abstract. Link.

  15. Haveman, Robert and Barbara Wolfe (1995). The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings. In: Journal of Economic Literature 33(4) , 1829-1878 . Abstract. Link.

  16. Heckman, James, Rodrigo Pinto and Peter Savelyev (2013). Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes. In: American Economic Review 103(6) , 2052-86 . Abstract. Link.

  17. Holloway, Sarah L. (2010). Local Childcare Cultures: Moral geographies of mothering and the social organisation of pre-school education. In: Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography 5(1) , 29-53 . Abstract. Link.

  18. Jowett, Sandra and Kathy Sylva (2006). Does kind of pre‐school matter?. In: Educational Research 28(1) , 21-31 . Abstract. Link.

  19. Plowman, Lydia and Christine Stephen (2007). Guided interaction in pre‐school settings. In: Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 23(1) , 14-26 . Abstract. Link.

  20. Plowman, Lydia and Christine Stephen (2005). Children, Play, and Computers in Pre‐school Education. In: British Journal of Educational Technology 36(2) , 145-157 . Abstract. Link.

  21. Schweinhart, Lawrence, Jeanne Montie, Zongping Xiang, Steven Barnett, Clive Belfield and Milagros Nores (2005). Lifetime Effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press . Abstract. Link.

  22. Link.

  23. Sylva, Kathy, Edward Melhuish, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford and Brenda Taggert (2011). The influence of child, family, home factors and pre‐school education on the identification of special educational needs at age 10. In: British Educational Research Journal 37(3) , 421-441 . Abstract. Link.

  24. Sylva, Kathy, Edward Melhuish, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford and Brenda Taggert (2010). Early Childhood Matters: Evidence from the Effective Pre-school and Primary Education project. London: Routledge . Abstract. Link.

  25. Sylva, Kathy, Karen Elliot, Edward Melhuish, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford and Brenda Taggert (2010). The impact of pre‐school on young children's cognitive attainments at entry to reception. In: British Educational Research Journal 30(5) , 691-712 . Abstract. Link.

  26. Tan, Ching Ting (2015). Policy Developments in Pre-School Education in Singapore: A Focus on the Key Reforms of Kindergarten Education. In: International Journal of Child Care and Educational Policy 1(1) , 35-43 . Abstract. Link.

  27. Tan, Lesley E. (2006). Computers in pre‐school education. In: Early Child Development and Care 19(4) , 319-336 . Abstract. Link.

  28. Wadsworth, M.E.J. (1981). Social Class and Generation Differences in Pre-School Education . In: British Journal of Sociology 32(4) , 560-582 . Abstract. Link.

  29. Woodhead, Martin (2006). Pre‐School Education Has Long‐Term Effects: but can they be generalised?. In: Oxford Review of Education 11(2) , 133-155 . Abstract. Link.

Further reading

  1. Araujo, M. Caridad, Pedro Carneiro, Yyannú Cruz-Aguayo and Norbert Schady (2016). Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten . In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 131(3) , 1415-1453 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Bainbridge, Jay, Marcia Meyers, Sakiko Tanako and Jane Waldfogel (2005). Who Gets an Early Education? Family Income and the Gaps in Enrollment of 3- to 5-Year-Olds from 1968–2000. In: Social Science Quarterly 86(3) , 724-745 . Abstract. Link.

  3. Baker, Michael, Jonathan Gruber and Kevin Milligan (2008). Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being. In: Journal of Political Economy 116(4) , 709-745 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Bauernschuster, Stefan and Martin Schlotter (2015). Public Child Care and Mothers' Labor Supply: Evidence from Two Quasi-Experiments. In: Journal of Public Economics 123 , 01-16 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Bedard, Kelly, Elizabeth Dhuey (2006). The Persistence of Early Childhood Maturity: International Evidence of Long-run Age Effects. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 121(4) , 1437-1472 . Abstract. Link.

  6. Berlinski, Samuel, Sebastian Galiani (2007). The Effect of a Large Expansion of Pre-Primary School Facilities on Preschool Attendance and Maternal Employment. In: Labour Economics 14(3) , 665-680 . Abstract. Link.

  7. Berlinski, Samuel, Sebastian Galiani and Marco Manacorda (2008). Giving Children a Better Start: Preschool Attendance and School-Age Profiles. In: Journal of Public Economics 92(5-6) , 1416-1440 . Abstract. Link.

  8. Berlinski, Samuel, Sebastian Galiani and Paul Gertler (2009). The Effect of Pre-Primary Education on Primary School Performance. In: Journal of Public Economics 93(1-2) , 219-234 . Abstract. Link.

  9. Black, Sandra E., Paul J. Devereux, Katrin V. Løken and Kjell G. Salvanes (2014). Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance . In: Review of Economics and Statistics 96(5) , 824-837 . Abstract. Link.

  10. Cascio, Elizabeth U. (2009). Do Investments in Universal Early Education Pay Off? Long-term Effects of Introducing Kindergartens into Public Schools. NBER Working Paper 14951. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Abstract. Link.

  11. Chetty, Raj, John N. Friedman, Nathaniel Hilger, Emmanuel Saez, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach and Danny Yagan (2011). How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence from Project Star. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 126(4) , 1593-1660 . Abstract. Link.

  12. Chiswick, Barry, Noyna DebBurman (2006). Pre-School Enrollment: An Analysis by Immigrant Generation. In: Social Science Research 35(1) , 60-87 . Abstract. Link.

  13. Currie, Janet (2011). Inequality at Birth: Some Causes and Consequences. In: American Economic Review 101(3) , 1-22 . Link.

  14. Currie, Janet (2009). Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development. In: Journal of Economic Literature 47(1) , 87-122 . Abstract. Link.

  15. Currie, Janet (2004). Child Research Comes of Age. In: Canadian Journal of Economics 37(3) , 509-527 . Link.

  16. Currie, Janet and Matthew Neidell (2007). Getting Inside the "Black Box" of Head Start Quality: What Matters and What Doesn't?. In: Economics of Education Review 26(1) , 83-99 . Abstract. Link.

  17. Currie, Janet and Thomas Duncan (2012). Early Test Scores, School Quality and SES: Longrun Effects on Wage and Employment Outcomes. In: 35th Anniversary Retrospective Research in Labor Economics, Volume 35 , 185-214 . Abstract. Link.

  18. Datar, Ashesha (2006). Does Delaying Kindergarten Entrance Give Children a Head Start?. In: Economics of Education Review 25(1) , 43-62 . Abstract. Link.

  19. Datta Gupta, Nabanita and Marianne Simonsen (2010). Non-cognitive Child Outcomes and High Quality Child Care. In: Journal of Public Economics 94(1-2) , 30-42 . Abstract. Link.

  20. Deming, David (2009). Early Childhood Intervention and Life-Cycle Skill Development: Evidence from Head Start. In: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1(3) , 111-134 . Abstract. Link.

  21. Domeij, David and Paul Klein (2012). Should Day Care be Subsidized?. In: Review of Economic Studies 80(2) , 568-595 . Abstract. Link.

  22. Elango, Sneha, Jorge Luis Garcia, James J. Heckman and Andrés Hojman (2015). Early Childhood Education. 21766. Abstract. Link.

  23. Elder, Todd and Darren Lubotsky (2009). Kindergarten Entrance Age and Children’s Achievement: Impacts of State Policies, Family Background, and Peers. In: Journal of Human Economics 44(3) , 641-683 . Abstract. Link.

  24. Esping-Andersen, Gosta (2008). Childhood Investments and Skill Formation. In: International Tax and Public Finance 15(1) , 19-44 . Abstract. Link.

  25. Falck, Oliver (2004). Das Hamburger "Kita-Gutscheinsystem" besser als sein Ruf? - Eine ökonomische Betrachtung. In: German Review of Social Policy 53(3) , 68-74 . Abstract. Link.

  26. Feinstein, Leon (2003). Inequality in the Early Cognitive Development of British Children in the 1970 Cohort. In: Economica 70(1) , 73-97 . Abstract. Link.

  27. Figlio, David N., Jonathan Guryan, Krzysztof Karbownik and Jeffrey Roth (2014). The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development. In: American Economic Review 104(12) , 3921-55 . Abstract. Link.

  28. Fitzpatrick, Maria D. (2010). Preschoolers Enrolled and Mothers at Work? The Effects of Universal Prekindergarten. In: Journal of Labor Economics 28(1) , 51-85 . Abstract. Link.

  29. Fitzpatrick, Maria D. (2008). Starting School at Four: The Effect of Universal Pre-Kindergarten on Children’s Academic Achievement. In: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy: Advances 8(1) , Article 46 . Abstract. Link.

  30. Gentzkow, Matthew and Jesse M. Shapiro (2008). Preschool Television Viewing and Adolescent Test Scores: Historical Evidence from the Coleman Study. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 123(1) , 279-324 . Abstract. Link.

  31. Gormley Jr., William T. and Ted Gayer (2005). Promoting School Readiness in Oklahoma: An evaluation of Tulsa's pre-K program. In: Journal of Human Resources 40(3) , 533-558 . Abstract. Link.

  32. Gormley Jr., William T., Deborah Phillips and Ted Gayer (2008). The Early Years: Preschool Programs Can Boost School Readiness. In: Science 320(5884) , 1723-1724 . Abstract. Link.

  33. Handa, Sudhanshu and Amber Peterman (2007). Child Health and School Enrollment: A Replication. In: Journal of Human Resources 42(4) , 863-880 . Abstract. Link.

  34. Heckman, James J. (2008). Schools, Skills, and Synapses. In: Economic Inquiry 46(3) , 289-324 . Abstract. Link.

  35. Heckman, James J. (2006). Skill Formation and the Economics of Investing in Disadvantaged Children. In: Science 312(5782) , 1900-1902 . Abstract. Link.

  36. Heckman, James J., Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter A. Savelyev and Adam Yavitz (2010). Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence from the Highscope Perry Preschool Program. In: Journal of Quantitative Economics 1(1) , 1-46 . Abstract. Link.

  37. Heckman, James J., Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter A. Savelyev and Adam Yavitz (2010). The Rate of Return to the Highscope Perry Preschool Program. In: Journal of Public Economics 94(1-2) , 114-128 . Abstract. Link.

  38. Kline, Patrick and Christopher R. Walters (2016). Evaluating Public Programs with Close Substitutes: The Case of Head Start . In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 131(4) , 1795-1848 . Abstract. Link.

  39. Leuven, Edwin, Mikael Lindahl, Hessel Oosterbeek and Dinand Webbink (2010). Expanding Schooling Opportunities for 4-Year-Olds. In: Economics of Education Review 29(3) , 319-328 . Abstract. Link.

  40. Ludwig, Jens and Douglas Miller (2007). Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design. In: The Quarterly Journal of Economics 122(1) , 159-208 . Abstract. Link.

  41. Magnuson, Katherine, Christopher Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel (2007). Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?. In: Economics of Education Review 26(1) , 33-51 . Abstract. Link.

  42. Maluccio, John, John Hoddinott, Jere Behrman, Reynaldo Martorell, Agnes Quisumbing and Aryeh Stein (2009). The Impact of Nutrition during Early Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults. In: Economic Journal 119(537) , 734-763 . Abstract. Link.

  43. Neidell, Matthew and Jane Waldfogel (2010). Cognitive and Noncognitive Peer Effects in Early Education . In: Review of Economics and Statistics 92(3) , 562-576 . Abstract. Link.

  44. Oreopoulos, Philip , Marc Stabile, Randy Walld and Leslie Roos (2008). Short-, Medium-, and Long-Term Consequences of Poor Infant Health: An Analysis Using Siblings and Twins. In: Journal of Human Resources 43(1) , 88-138 . Abstract. Link.

  45. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2001). Starting Strong: Early Childhood Education and Care. Paris: OECD . Link.

  46. Price, Joseph (2008). Parent-Child Quality Time: Does Birth Order Matter?. In: Journal of Human Ressources 43(1) , 240-265 . Abstract. Link.

  47. Schlotter, Martin (2011). Age at Preschool Entrance and Noncognitive Skills before School: An Instrumental Variable Approach. In: Ifo Working Paper 112 . Abstract.

  48. Schlotter, Martin (2011). The Effect of Preschool Attendance on Secondary School Track Choice in Germany: Evidence from Siblings. Ifo Working Paper 106. Munich: Ifo Institute at the University of Munich. Abstract. Link.

  49. Spiess, Katharina, Felix Büchel and Gert Wagner (2003). Children's School Placement in Germany: Does Kindergarten Attendance Matter?. In: Early Childhood Research Quarterly 18(2) , 255-270 . Abstract. Link.

  50. Witte, Ann Dryden and Marisol Trowbridge (2005). The Structure of Early Care and Education in the United States: Historical Evolution and International Comparisons. In: Poterba, James M.. Tax Policy and the Economy. MIT Press , 1-38 . Abstract. Link.