References list

2a (first part) Families and student achievement

Where possible, the list provides abstracts of the entries and links to the publication.
Initial list compiled by: Ludger Wößmann

This reference list contains three parts:

  • Introductory Reading
    Somebody who does not know this literature or wants to get an overview might want to start here.
  • Key References
    Some of the most important references in this literature, which may require some more knowledge of the field.
  • Further Reading
    Organized by date of publication.

Introductory Reading

  1. Avvisati, Francesco, Marc Gurgand, Nina Guyon and Eric Maurin (2014). Getting Parents Involved: A Field Experiment in Deprived Schools. In: Review of Economic Studies 81(1) , 57-83 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Bergman, Peter (2015). Parent-Child Information Frictions and Human Capital Investment: Evidence from a Field Experiment Investment. CESifo Working Paper No. 5391. Abstract. Link.

  3. Björklund, Anders and Kjell Salvanes (2011). Education and Family Background: Mechanisms and Policies. In: Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (eds.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 3. Amsterdam: North-Holland , 201-247 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Sacerdote, Bruce (2011). Peer Effects in Education: How Might They Work, How Big Are They and How Much Do We Know Thus Far?. In: Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (eds.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 3. Amsterdam: North-Holland , 249-277 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Woessmann, Ludger (2008). Efficiency and Equity of European Education and Training Policies. In: International Tax and Public Finance 15(2) , 199-230 . Abstract. Link.

Key references

  1. Angrist, Joshua D. (2014). The Perils of Peer Effects. In: Labour Economics 30 , 98-108 . Abstract. Link.

  2. Becker, Gary S. (1960). An Economic Analysis of Fertility. In: George B. Roberts. Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries. Princeton, N.J.: National Bureau of Economic Research , 209–231 . Abstract. Link.

  3. Becker, Gary S. and H. Gregg Lewis (1973). On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children. In: Journal of Political Economy 81(2) , 279-288 . Link.

  4. Black, Sandra E. and Stephen Machin (2011). Housing Valuations of School Performance. In: Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (eds.). Handbook of the Economics of Education. Amsterdam: North-Holland , 485-519 . Abstract. Link.

  5. Coleman, James S., E.Q. Campbell, C.J. Hobson, J. McPartland, A.M. Mood, F.D. Weinfeld and R.L. York (1966). Equality of Educational Opportunity: Summary Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office . Abstract. Link.

  6. Duflo, Esther, Pascaline Dupas and Michael Kremer (2011). Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya. In: American Economic Review 101(5) , 1739-1774 . Abstract. Link.

  7. Hanushek, Eric A. (1992). The Trade-off between Child Quantity and Quality. In: Journal of Political Economy 100(1) , 84-117 . Abstract. Link.

  8. Hanushek, Eric A., John F. Kain, Jacob M. Markman and Steven G. Rivkin (2003). Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement?. In: Journal of Applied Econometrics 18(5) , 527-544 . Abstract. Link.

  9. Holmlund, Helena, Mikael Lindahl and Erik Plug (2011). The Causal Effect of Parents' Schooling on Children's Schooling: A Comparison of Estimation Methods. In: Journal of Economic Literature 49(3) , 615-651 . Abstract. Link.

  10. Manski, Charles F. (2000). Economic Analysis of Social Interactions. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives 14(3) , 115-136 . Abstract. Link.

  11. Willis, Robert J. (1973). A New Approach to the Economic Theory of Fertility Behavior. In: Journal of Political Economy 81(2) , 14-64 . Abstract. Link.

Further reading

  1. Abdulkadiroglu, Atila, Parag A. Pathak, Jonathan Schellenberg, and Christopher R. Walters (2017). Do Parents Value School Effectiveness?. NBER Working Paper No. 23912. Abstract. Link.

  2. Aizer, Anna and Flávio Cunha (2012). The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility. NBER Working Paper No. 18429. Abstract. Link.

  3. Aizer, Anna, Shari Eli, Joseph Ferrie and Adriana Lleras-Muney (2016). The Long-Run Impact of Cash Transfers to Poor Families. In: American Economic Review 106(4) , 935-71 . Abstract. Link.

  4. Ammermüller, Andreas (2005). Educational Opportunities and the Role of Institutions. ZEW Discussion Paper 05-44. Abstract. Link.

  5. Ammermüller, Andreas and Jörn-Steffen Pischke (2009). Peer Effects in European Primary Schools: Evidence from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study. In: Journal of Labor Economics 27(3) , 315-348 . Abstract. Link.

  6. Behrman, Jere R. and Mark R. Rosenzweig (2002). Does Increasing Women’s Schooling Raise the Schooling of the Next Generation?. In: American Economic Review 92(1) , 323-334 . Link.

  7. Behrman, Jere R., Andrew D. Foster, Mark R. Rosenzweig and Prem Vashishtha (1999). Women’s Schooling, Home Teaching, and Economic Growth. In: Journal of Political Economy 107(4) , 682-714 . Abstract. Link.

  8. Behrman, Jere R., Robert A. Pollak and Paul Taubman (1995). From Parent to Child: Intrahousehold Allocations and Intergenerational Relations in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press . Abstract. Link.

  9. Behrman, Jere R., Robert A. Pollak and Paul Taubman (1989). Family Resources, Family Size, and Access to Financing for College Education. In: Journal of Political Economy 97(2) , 398-419 . Abstract. Link.

  10. Bettinger, Eric P. (2012). Paying to Learn: The Effect of Financial Incentives on Elementary School Test Scores. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 94(3) , 686-698 . Abstract. Link.

  11. Betts, Julian R. and John E. Roemer (2007). Equalizing Opportunity for Racial and Socioeconomic Groups in the United States Through Educational Finance Reform. In: Ludger Wößmann and Paul E. Peterson (eds.). Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press . Abstract. Link.

  12. Björklund, Anders, Mikael Lindahl and Erik Plug (2006). The Origins of Intergenerational Associations: Lessons from Swedish Adoption Data. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 121(3) , 999-1028 . Abstract. Link.

  13. Björklund, Anders, Mikael Lindahl and Kristen Sund (2003). Family Background and School Performance During a Turbulent Era of School Reforms. In: Swedish Economic Policy Review 10(2) , 111-136 . Abstract. Link.

  14. Black, Sandra E., Paul J. Devereux and Kjell G. Salvanes (2005). Why the Apple Doesn't Fall Far: Understanding Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital. In: American Economic Review 95(1) , 437-449 . Link.

  15. Black, Sandra E., Paul J. Devereux, and Kjell G. Salvanes (2005). The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Children's Education . In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 120(2) , 669-700 . Abstract. Link.

  16. Booij, Adam S., Edwin Leuven and Hessel Oosterbeek (2017). Ability Peer Effects in University: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment . In: Review of Economic Studies 84(2) , 547-578 . Abstract. Link.

  17. Booth, Alison L. and Hiau Joo Kee (2009). Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment. In: Journal of Population Economics 22(2) , 367-397 . Abstract. Link.

  18. Bramoullé, Yann, Habiba Djebbari and Bernard Fortin (2009). Identification of Peer Effects through Social Networks. In: Journal of Econometrics 150(1) , 41-55 . Abstract. Link.

  19. Brunello, Giorgio and Daniele Checchi (2007). Does School Tracking Affect Equality of Opportunity? New International Evidence. In: Economic Policy 22(52) , 781-861 . Abstract. Link.

  20. Brunello, Giorgio and Daniele Checchi (2005). School Quality and Family Background in Italy. In: Economics of Education Review 24(5) , 563-577 . Abstract. Link.

  21. Carneiro, Pedro, Costas Meghir and Matthias Parey (2013). Maternal Education, Home Environments and Child Development. In: Journal of European Economic Association 11(S1) , 123-160 . Abstract. Link.

  22. Carrell, Scott, Bruce Sacerdote, and James West (2013). From Natural Variation to Optimal Policy? The Importance of Endogenous Peer Group Formation. In: Econometrica 81(3) , 855-882 . Abstract. Link.

  23. Castelló-Climent, Amparo and Rafael Doménech (2008). Human Capital Inequality, Life Expectancy And Economic Growth. In: Economic Journal 118(528) , 653-677 . Abstract. Link.

  24. Checchi, Daniele (2006). The economics of education: human capital, family background and inequality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . Abstract. Link.

  25. Cho, Rosa Minhyo (2009). The Impact of Maternal Imprisonment on Children’s Educational Achievement: Results from Children in Chicago Public Schools. In: Journal of Human Resources 44(3) , 772-797 . Abstract. Link.

  26. Cunha, Flávio, Irma Elo, and Jennifer Culhane (2013). Eliciting Maternal Expectations about the Technology of Cognitive Skill Formation. NBER Working Paper No. 19144. Abstract. Link.

  27. Dahl, Gordon B. and Lance Lochner (2012). The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit. In: American Economic Review 102(5) , 1927-1956 . Abstract. Link.

  28. Dahl, Gordon B., Andreas Ravndal Kostol and Magne Mogstad (2014). Family Welfare Cultures. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 129(4) , 1711-1752 . Abstract. Link.

  29. De Giorgi, Giacomo, Michele Pellizzari and Silvia Redaelli (2010). Identification of Social Interactions through Partially Overlapping Peer Groups. In: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 2(2) , 241-275 . Abstract. Link.

  30. Dustmann, Christian (2004). Parental Background, Secondary School Track Choice, and Wages. In: Oxford Economic Papers 56(2) , 209-230 . Abstract. Link.

  31. Eriksen, Tine Louise Mundbjerg, Helena Skyt Nielsen and Marianne Simonsen (2014). Bullying in Elementary School. In: Journal of Human Resources 49(4) , 839-871 . Abstract. Link.

  32. Feinstein, Leon and James Symons (1999). Attainment in Secondary School. In: Oxford Economic Papers 51(2) , 300-321 . Abstract. Link.

  33. Fredriksson, Peter and Björn Öckert (2008). Is Early Learning Really More Productive? The Effect of School Starting Age on School and Labor Market Performance. In: Ekonomisk Debatt 36 , 17-32 . Abstract. Link.

  34. Fredriksson, Peter, Björn Öckert, and Hessel Oosterbeek (2016). Parental Responses to Public Investments in Children: Evidence from a Maximum Class Size Rule. In: Journal of Human Resources 51(4) , 832-868 . Abstract. Link.

  35. Fryer, Jr., Roland G., Steven D. Levitt and John A. List (2015). Parental Incentives and Early Childhood Achievement: A Field Experiment in Chicago Heights. NBER Working Paper 21477. Abstract. Link.

  36. Fryer, Roland G. (2011). Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 126(4) , 1755-1798 . Abstract. Link.

  37. Gelber, Alexander and Adam Isen (2013). Children's schooling and parents' behavior: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study. In: Journal of Public Economics 101 , 25-38 . Abstract. Link.

  38. Hanushek, Eric A. (2007). Some U.S. Evidence on How the Distribution of Educational Outcomes Can Be Changed. In: Ludger Woessmann, Paul E. Peterson (eds.). Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press . Abstract. Link.

  39. Holmlund, Helena (2015). Education and Equality of Opportunity: What Have We Learned from Educational Reforms?. In: Nordic Economic Policy Review 2 , 135-170 . Abstract. Link.

  40. Houtenville, Andrew J. and Karen Smith Conway (2008). Parental Effort, School Resources, and Student Achievement. In: Journal of Human Resources 43(2) , 437-453 . Abstract. Link.

  41. Hoxby, Caroline M. (2000). Peer Effects in the Classroom: Learning from Gender and Race Variation. NBER Working Paper 7867. Abstract. Link.

  42. Humlum, Maria Knoth (2011). Timing of family income, borrowing constraints, and child achievement. In: Journal of Population Economics 24(3) , 979-1004 . Abstract. Link.

  43. Kremer, Michael (1997). How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality?. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(1) , 115-139 . Abstract. Link.

  44. Lalive, Rafael and M. Alejandra Cattaneo (2009). Social Interactions and Schooling Decisions. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 91(3) , 457-477 . Abstract. Link.

  45. Lavy, Victor and Edith Sand (2012). The Friends Factor: How Students’ Social Networks Affect Their Academic Achievement and Well-Being?. NBER Working Paper 18430. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Abstract. Link.

  46. Lavy, Victor, M. Daniele Paserman and Analia Schlosser (2012). Inside the Black Box of Ability Peer Effects: Evidence from Variation in the Proportion of Low Achievers in the Classroom. In: Economic Journal 122(559) , 208-237 . Abstract. Link.

  47. Lavy, Victor, Olmo Silva and Felix Weinhardt (2012). The Good, the Bad, and the Average: Evidence on Ability Peer Effects in Schools. In: Journal of Labor Economics 30(2) , 367-414 . Abstract. Link.

  48. Leuven, Edwin and Hessel Oosterbeek (2007). The Effectiveness of Human Capital Policies for Disadvantaged Groups in the Netherlands. In: Ludger Wößmann, Paul E. Peterson (eds.). Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press . Abstract. Link.

  49. Leuven, Edwin, Hessel Oosterbeek and Bas van der Klaauw (2010). The Effect of Financial Rewards on Students’ Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment. In: Journal of the European Economic Association 8(6) , 1243-1265 . Abstract. Link.

  50. Leuven, Edwin, Mikael Lindahl, Hessel Oosterbeek and Dinand Webbink (2007). The Effect of Extra Funding for Disadvantaged Students on Achievement. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 89(4) , 721-736 . Abstract. Link.

  51. Levitt, Steven D., John A. List, Susanne Neckermann and Sally Sadoff (2016). The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance. In: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 8(4) , 183-219 . Abstract. Link.

  52. Lin, Xu (2010). Identifying Peer Effects in Student Academic Achievement by Spatial Autoregressive Models with Group Unobservables. In: Journal of Labor Economics 28(4) , 825-860 . Abstract. Link.

  53. Lizzeri, Alessandro and Marciano Siniscalchi (2008). Parental Guidance and Supervised Learning. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 123(3) , 1161-1195 . Abstract. Link.

  54. Machin, Stephen and Anna Vignoles (2004). Educational Inequality: The Widening Socio-Economic Gap. In: Fiscal Studies 25(2) , 107-128 . Abstract. Link.

  55. Machin, Stephen and Stephen Gibbons (2008). Valuing school quality, better transport, and lower crime: evidence from house prices. In: Oxford Review of Economic Policy 24(1) , 99-119 . Abstract. Link.

  56. Machin, Stephen, Shqiponja Telhaj and Joan Wilson (2006). The Mobility of English School Children. In: Fiscal Studies 27(3) , 253-280 . Abstract. Link.

  57. Manski, Charles F. (1993). Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem. In: Review of Economic Studies 60(3) , 531-542 . Abstract. Link.

  58. Mayer, Susan E., Ariel Kalil, Philip Oreopoulos, and Sebastian Gallegos (2015). Using Behavioral Insights to Increase Parental Engagement: The Parents and Children Together (PACT) Intervention. NBER Working Paper No. 21602. Abstract. Link.

  59. Meghir, Costas and Mårten Palme (2005). Educational Reform, Ability, and Family Background. In: American Economic Review 95(1) , 414-424 . Abstract. Link.

  60. Michelmore, Katherine and Susan Dynarski (2017). The Gap Within the Gap: Using Longitudinal Data to Understand Income Differences in Educational Outcomes. In: AERA Open 3(1) . Abstract. Link.

  61. Oreopoulos, Philip, Marianne E. Page and Ann Huff Stevens (2006). The Intergenerational Effects Of Compulsory Schooling. In: Journal of Labor Economics 24(4) , 729-760 . Abstract. Link.

  62. Paxson, Christina and Norbert Schady (2007). Cognitive Development among Young Children in Ecuador: The Roles of Wealth, Health, and Parenting. In: Journal of Human Resources 42(1) , 49-84 . Abstract. Link.

  63. Plug, Erik (2004). Estimating the Effect of Mother's Schooling on Children's Schooling Using a Sample of Adoptees. In: American Economic Review 94(1) , 358-368 . Abstract. Link.

  64. Sacerdote, Bruce (2007). How Large Are the Effects from Changes in Family Environment? A Study of Korean American Adoptees. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 122(1) , 119-157 . Abstract. Link.

  65. Sacerdote, Bruce (2002). The Nature and Nurture of Economic Outcomes. In: American Economic Review 92(2) , 344-348 . Abstract. Link.

  66. Sacerdote, Bruce (2001). Peer Effects with Random Assignment: Results for Dartmouth Roommates. In: Quarterly Journal of Economics 116(2) , 681-704 . Abstract. Link.

  67. Schütz, Gabriela, Heinrich W. Ursprung and Ludger Woessmann (2008). Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity. In: Kyklos 61(2) , 279-308 . Abstract. Link.

  68. Strøm, Bjarne (2004). Student Achievement and Birthday Effects. PEPG 04-24. Abstract. Link.

  69. Vigdor, Jacob and Thomas Nechyba (2007). Peer Effects in North Carolina Public Schools. In: Ludger Woessmann and Paul E. Peterson (eds.). Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press , 73-101 . Abstract. Link.

  70. Woessmann, Ludger (2010). Families, Schools, and Primary-School Learning: Evidence for Argentina and Colombia in an International Perspective. In: Applied Economics 42(21) , 2645-2665 . Abstract. Link.

  71. Woessmann, Ludger (2008). How Equal Are Educational Opportunities? Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the United States. In: Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft 78(1) , 45-70 . Abstract. Link.

  72. Wolter, Stefan C. and Maja Coradi Vellacott (2003). Sibling Rivalry for Parental Resources: A Problem for Equity in Education? A Six-Country Comparison with PISA Data. In: Swiss Journal of Sociology 29(3) , 377-398 . Abstract. Link.

  73. Zimmerman, David J. (2003). Peer Effects in Academic Outcomes: Evidence from a Natural Experiment. In: Review of Economics and Statistics 85(1) , 09-23 . Abstract. Link.